How To Introduce Yourself in Spanish

¡Saludos!

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One of the first things I did when I began learning Spanish–after vowel and consonant pronunciation practice–is to learn how to introduce myself in Spanish. And, more importantly, how to listen and respond to other people’s introductions.

So, here’s the scenario: you’re on a surfing trip in Perú, and while sipping a cerveza fría at the bar after a good session, a beautiful local woman comes up to you and says:

“Hola.”

You should say: “Hola.”

She then asks: “¿Cómo te llamas?”

You respond: “Me llamo [insert your name here].”

She asks you: “¿De dónde eres?”

You say: “Soy de los Estados Unidos.”

Now, you like her and want to get to know her, so you’ll want to ask her name:

“Y tú, ¿cómo te llamas?”

She responds: “Me llamo María.”

Now you can say: “Mucho gusto, María.”

Hopefully, she’ll say: “Encantada.”

You can then possibly say something like:

¿Vienes acá mucho?

Here’s how the encounter went, in English:

“Hello.” María said as she offered you her hand.

“Hello.” You said

“What is your name?” María asked with a twinkle in her eye.

“My name is [insert your name here]” (if you can remember it!)

“Where are you from?” María asked, because she noticed your foreign accent.

You answered, “I’m from the United States.” (if that’s where you’re from).

“And you, what is your name?” You asked, because you really wanted to know.

“My name is María.” She said with a smile.

To impress her (and to help with remembering her name), you said: “My pleasure, María.”

She responded (hopefully): “Delighted.”

You then said: “Do you come here a lot?” 1

1 Okay, so maybe you’re dreaming this, and this line is obviously dated…we’ll need to get you some more involved Spanish lessons so you can come up with a better line than that!

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To introduce yourself, simply reverse the roles. And don’t forget to listen carefully to the other person’s responses.

¡Hasta luego!

How To Make Spanish Nouns Plural

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The plural form of nouns in Spanish is relatively easy to learn. There are really only three rules to follow.

1. Nouns ending in a vowel; add s:

mano — hand
manos — hands
señora — lady
señoras — ladies

2. Nouns ending in a consonant; add es:

lección — lesson
lecciones — lessons
profesor — professor
profesores — professors

3. Nouns ending in z; change z to c and add es:

luz — light
luces — lights
nariz — nose
narices — noses

Notice that under rule 2 above, the example also showed a change in written (and spoken) accentuation:

lección becomes lecciones

That is because adding es actually adds another syllable to the word and so a different accent rule applies. You may want to review the lesson on accents in Spanish.

In a nutshell, when words ending in n, s, or a vowel have a spoken stress, the accent mark is used. The word lecciones keeps its spoken stress on the -on syllable, but in the plural form of the word, with -es added, -on is no longer the final syllable and the word conforms to the unmarked configuration.

Okay, that was la parte más fácil. Now you have to know how to add “the” definite article. You see, in Spanish the article, noun and adjective must agree in number and gender. Think of it as a homogeneous noun phrase.

For example, if “the lady” is la señora, then “the ladies” is:

las señoras

That is, la becomes las, for the feminine gender. The masculine el becomes los in the plural form:

el hombre fuerte — the strong man

becomes,

los hombres fuertes — the strong men

Do you see that the article, the noun, and the adjective all become plural?

To anticipate your next question, and offer some help with it, visit: When are Spanish Nouns Feminine or Masculine?

Espero que encuentre las lecciones en este sitio informativos y divertidos.

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Clock Times in Spanish

¿Qué hora es?

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Telling time in Spanish is not difficult if you can remember a few simple rules. First, let’s look at a clock with time translations in Spanish:

Clock Times in Spanish

So, what time does it say…in Spanish?

Son las cuatro menos diez. — It's ten to four.

Literally, “It is four minus ten.” Here’s why Spanish speakers convey time the way they do, including all the rules you need to remember:

1. First say the hour, then the minutes.

2. The hour number is always plural, except when denoting “one”.

12 = Son las doce...
1 = Es la una...
2 = Son las dos...
3 = Son las tres...
4 = Son las cuatro...
5 = Son las cinco...
6 = Son las seis...
7 = Son las siete...
8 = Son las ocho...
9 = Son las nueve...
10 = Son las diez...
11 = Son las once...

3. If it’s before the hour, except “quarter till”, you say menos followed by the number of minutes.

4. If it’s after the hour, except “quarter past”, you say y followed by the number of minutes.

Son las nueve y veinte. — It's nine-twenty. Or, It's twenty past nine.

5. Always say “the” (definite article) before the hour.

La una, las dos, las tres, etc.

6. If it’s exactly the hour, say en punto.

Son las doce en punto — It's twelve o'clock.

7. If it’s “half past” the hour say y media.

Son las cinco y media — It's five-thirty. Or, It's half past five.

8. If it’s “quarter past”, say …y cuarto. If it’s “quarter to”, say …menos cuarto.

Son las tres y cuarto. — It's three-fifteen. Or, It's quarter after three.
Es la una menos cuarto. — It's quarter till one.

Remember, you might say in English, “It’s twelve forty-five”, but Spanish speakers do not.

Hope you’ve had “una hora agradable.”

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Related lesson: How to Say “What Time Is It?” in Spanish.